Varicose veins are one of the oldest diseases. The question of how and how to treat varicose veins in the legs, and now hundreds of people are wondering.
Today, the treatment of varicose veins in the legs is available to everyone.
Modern medicine offers a variety of methods to combat this disease.
Weight in the legs and frequent swelling of the lower extremities and, subsequently, the appearance of multiple spider veins signal the appearance of varicose veins. The main cause of the disease is sedentary lifestyle. It is no accident that, in most cases, the problem of varicose veins in the legs is faced by people whose professional activity involves sitting for a long time in one place - salespeople, drivers, office workers, hairdressers and so on. Low physical activity causes blood to stagnate in the veins and, therefore, symptoms of varicose veins appear. However, this is far from the only factor that can cause varicose veins in the legs:
- Lifting heavy objects;
- Changes in hormone levels during pregnancy or puberty;
- Prolonged use of hormones;
- Wear tight clothes that strongly compress the vessels of the legs (tight pantyhose, jeans, pantyhose or tight socks).
Doctors also point out that the habit of crossing the legs while sitting is also harmful to the health of the veins.
Stages and symptoms
Before treating varicose veins in the legs, it is necessary to determine the stage of evolution of the disease. Fortunately, varicose veins have a number of characteristics that make it possible to detect the problem early on. Specialists in the field of phlebology distinguish 4 stages of the course of varicose veins:
- Stage 1.External changes in the limbs are observed: sinuous veins protrude in the legs and thighs, red and vascular "stars" appear. At night, the legs may swell up a little;
- Step 2.Swelling and heaviness in the legs increase. At night, especially after the physical efforts of the previous day, cramps, numbness and tingling may appear in the calf muscles;
- Step 3.Swelling of the legs becomes a constant phenomenon, seals, pigmentation and dermatitis begin to form in the lower extremities;
- Step 4.The skin is covered by trophic ulcers.
Although in the early stages it is difficult to recognize the disease due to the lack of varicose veins as such, external changes in the legs should alert you and alert you to seek medical help. The treatment of varicose veins is prescribed by a phlebologist after an ultrasound. The results of this study help to determine the stage of spread of the disease, which allows the specialist to understand which method will be most effective in a specific case.
According to medical statistics, certain symptoms of varicose veins are seen in about 70% of residents of developed countries. This requires the development of new treatments for varicose veins. So far, this disease is offered for treatment with drugs, surgery and physiotherapy. In traditional medicine, the following procedures are used actively to get rid of varicose veins forever:
- Sclerotherapy.Sclerosant is injected into damaged veins, which "freezes" your walls. Subsequently, the veins dissolve and their function in the bloodstream is transferred to healthy elements;
- Laser therapy.The most popular treatment for varicose veins. A lasting positive effect is achieved in 98% of cases. The mechanism of action is similar to that of sclerotherapy, only a laser is used here;
- Venectomy.It is a surgical removal of damaged veins. After surgery, patients are forced to wear compression garments for 2 years to restore normal blood flow;
- Hirudotherapy.Leeches have a positive effect on veins, helping to dissolve blood clots within them.
The methods described above, while effective on how to treat varicose veins in the legs, are not shown at all.
So, for example, during pregnancy and in the early stages of disease development, doctors prescribe conservative methods of treatment: wearing compression underwear, taking medication, and doing special gymnastics to improve blood flow.
Cardinal treatment of varicose veins can be avoided if the disease is detected in the early stages of development. Simple preventive measures will help not only stop the progression of varicose veins, but also prevent them from occurring in people forced to lead a sedentary lifestyle. They are as follows:
- Food.The inclusion of vegetable oils and fish oil in the menu, as well as products with vitamin F, will strengthen blood vessel walls and deal with excess weight - a common cause of varicose veins;
- Contrast massage and shower.In the evening, after a hard day at work, give a light massage or a bath of contrast to the feet, showering them first with warm water and then cold;
- Sport activities.Moderate physical activity 2 to 3 times a week will keep your legs healthy. Doctors advise giving preference to jogging, swimming and cycling;
- Walking barefoot.Leaving the city or the sea, do not miss the opportunity to walk barefoot on the sand or on the grass. It perfectly relaxes the leg muscles and at the same time increases the tone of the veins;
- Wear comfortable shoes.Avoid wearing tight shoes or tight socks and stockings. The more uncomfortable you feel in them, the stronger the pressure in the vessels and the greater the risk of blood clots in the veins.