The treatment of varicose veins is a long process that requires a responsible approach on the part of the doctor and the patient. With the help of a well-chosen therapeutic regimen, it is possible to stabilize the patient's condition, prevent the progression of the pathology and improve well-being.
The treatment of varicose veins is a long process that requires a responsible approach on the part of the doctor and the patient.
Varicose veins are treated in several ways. The main ones are:
- Conservative.It is used in the early stages of the disease, when there are no complications in the form of trophic ulcers and other injuries to the integrity of the skin. With the help of medicines (pills, injections, ointments and other pharmaceutical forms), it is possible to stabilize the patient's well-being and prevent the development of stagnation of blood vessels in the lower extremities.
- Surgical.It implies the removal of the affected veins or the introduction of a special substance in its lumen, which causes the vessel to stick together.
The use of the following medications will help to eliminate varicose veins in your legs:
- Phlebotonic. They increase the tone of the blood vessels, strengthen the walls.
- Anticoagulants. Prevent platelet aggregation.
- Decongestants. Eliminate congestion, remove edema from the lower extremities.
- Disaggregating. They effectively thin the blood.
- AntioxidantsImproves blood circulation, activates recovery processes.
- Fibrinolytics. Destroy blood clots.
- Preparations to activate microcirculation and prevent trophic changes.
Eliminating varicose veins in the legs will help in the use of phlebotonics, anticoagulants, antiplatelet agents, antioxidants, fibrinolytics.
Creams and ointments
Conservative treatment methods include the use of special creams and ointments. They will help to completely heal asterisks in the legs, prevent blood clots from forming in the blood vessels. Treatment involves the use of heparin-based ointments and venoactive components.
Funds have a resorbing effect, prevent the development of stagnation, reduce pain and strengthen blood vessel walls.
To relieve pain, you need to use NSAID-based ointments. They help to reduce inflammation.
Effective treatment of varicose veins in the lower extremities is impossible without the use of systemic drugs in the form of pills. For this, phlebotonics are used. Means strengthen the walls of blood vessels, increase their tone and elasticity. Prevents edema and blood stasis, relieves pain and cramps. Blood thinning agents help to eliminate discomfort. The use of NSAIDs in the form of pills is shown to alleviate the patient's well-being.
Preparations for intramuscular administration help to quickly remove the enlarged veins in the legs and to relieve the patient's well-being. For this, phlebotonics, antiplatelet agents, decongestants and other agents are used.
The doctor develops the treatment regimen individually for each patient, taking into account the clinical manifestations, present complications and other factors.
Treatment without surgery
It is impossible to completely eliminate varicose veins using conservative methods. Physiotherapeutic methods, active use of compression stockings, exercise therapy, hirudotherapy and other methods will help to improve the effectiveness of medication use.
Leeches' saliva contains hirudin. This component has powerful blood thinning properties. By entering the bloodstream, it prevents the formation of blood clots and promotes the resorption of existing clots. Activates blood circulation, prevents blood stagnation in the lower extremities.
With the help of hirudotherapy, you can permanently remove spider veins and varicose veins from your legs, especially in the early stage of development.
To improve the condition of a patient suffering from varicose veins in the lower extremities, physiotherapeutic methods are widely used as an additional treatment. With their help, you can stabilize the pathological process and stop its development. Strengthens the walls of blood vessels, makes them elastic, activates the drainage of blood and lymph.
The most effective and popular treatment for varicose veins is laser therapy.
With varicose veins, the following physiotherapeutic methods of treatment are used:
- laser therapy;
- balneotherapy and others.
The treatment method consists of using a special mesh or elastic bandage, which helps to fight varicose veins, compressing the superficially located veins. The patient places the shirt in the supine position (in the morning), when the blood vessels are relaxed. With physical activity, this will prevent them from overfilling.
Depending on the degree of pressure, compression stockings are divided into 4 classes. Therefore, it is used not only in the early stages of the disease, but also when skin ulcers appear.
Physical exercise is indicated to activate blood circulation and eliminate venous congestion. They must be performed not only when signs of disease development appear, but also as a preventive measure.
Before starting classes, it is imperative to consult an exercise therapy specialist, as some exercises and sports are strictly prohibited for varicose veins.
The patient must move a lot, but at the same time he cannot run, as this negatively affects the state of the blood vessels.
Modern methods of surgical treatment help to eliminate varicose veins in the lower extremities. In this case, partial or total removal of the subcutaneous blood vessels is performed, which contributes to the elimination of abnormal blood secretion from the superficial veins to the deeper ones. The operation is performed in several ways. This can be phlebectomy, laser coagulation or sclerotherapy. The choice of method is based on the severity of the venous damage and the condition of the patient.
The treatment of sclerotherapy is carried out by injecting a special substance (sclerosing) into a pathologically dilated vein. It causes the occurrence of aseptic inflammation, which leads to the adhesion of the vessel walls. After the procedure, a tight bandage should be applied to the limb. The duration of its use is determined by the specialist who performed the treatment. This is influenced by the degree of spread of the pathology and the number of injections performed. As a result of this treatment, blood flow is interrupted and the sealed vein is converted into scar tissue.
Laser coagulation is a minimally invasive treatment of pathologically dilated veins in the lower extremities, in which a special laser light guide is inserted into the altered vessel lumen. Under its influence, the endothelium of the vein is exposed to high temperatures, which causes it to stick. This leads to the interruption of blood flow in the vessel with its resorption.
Laser treatment affects only the inner wall of the vessel, without affecting the surrounding tissue. Under the influence of the laser, the varicose mesh is removed and trophic disorders are eliminated.
Laser coagulation helps to eliminate varicose veins. In this case, under the action of the laser, the varicose mesh is removed and the trophic disturbances are eliminated.
Phlebectomy is the surgical removal of varicose veins. This treatment is carried out only after a thorough examination of the patient (Doppler ultrasound), in order to determine the location of the pathologically altered areas, the state of the valves of the superficial and deep veins, the presence of additional and tributary trunks.
Surgical treatment of the disease with phlebectomy can restore normal blood flow and eliminate reflux (reflux). This is possible due to the removal of the great and small saphenous veins.
Varicose veins are treated not only with medications, but also with the help of unconventional methods. However, as an independent treatment, folk remedies are indicated for use only in the early stages of the disease. With severe pathology, they can only be used in combination with traditional conservative and surgical medicine.
In the treatment of the disease it is advisable to use compresses, the use of infusions and decoctions based on medicinal plants with healing effect.
The main condition for the effectiveness of the compresses is that the temperature under the bandage increases by several degrees. Thanks to this, the medicinal components quickly penetrate the tissues and have a therapeutic effect.
The compresses help the patient with varicose veins. In the treatment, tomato slices, fern leaves, potato skins, chopped branches of young willow, Kalanchoe, soda with white cabbage leaves and honey are used.
In the treatment of the disease, tomato slices, fern leaves, potato skins, chopped branches of young willow, Kalanchoe, soda with white cabbage leaves and honey are used. You can also use a semi-alcoholic compress, which has pronounced stimulating properties.
For the preparation of tinctures for varicose veins, medicinal plants must be used which can improve microcirculation, reduce vascular permeability and restore the elasticity of the walls, eliminate edema and inflammation, dilute the blood and prevent the formation of blood clots.
Most of the time, they use chestnut tincture for varicose veins. Fruits contain useful glycosides with a pronounced therapeutic effect.
In addition to the chestnut, the use of tinctures based on nettle, hops, nutmeg, Kalanchoe, apple, arnica, hops and other components is presented.
With the help of properly selected herbal preparations, you can activate blood flow, eliminate blood and lymph stagnation in the lower extremities, make blood thinner, remove swelling and pain and normalize metabolic processes. Herbal medicines are not intended to reduce the clinical manifestations of the disease, but rather to eliminate the cause of varicose veins. In pathology therapy, they use verbena, sweet clover, lumbago from the meadow, club-shaped float, dried meat, medicinal dandelion, clover from the meadow and others. The course of treatment is several months.