What are the varicose veins in the legs

Varicose veins in the legs are among the most unpleasant and common diseases. This disease can cause great discomfort, damage the circulatory organs and prematurely deprive the legs of their natural beauty.

To be fully armed and maintain health for many years, it is important to know everything about varicose veins.

What are the varicose veins in the legs

Varicose veins (varicose veins) await each third of the representatives of the fair sex who have reached the age of 30-40 years. Less commonly, the disease occurs in men and adolescents.

The leg veins have special valves. With their help, the blood is passed only inone direction (upward). . . Failure of these valves will result inthe blood has the opportunity to descend (in the opposite direction to the normal direction), which prevents its flow.

Over the years, the vessels lose their tone, become more fragile, the venous valves lose their ability to effectively distill blood. As a result, blood flow throughout the body is interrupted. The appearance of subtle venous networks and asterisks becomes the first sign of the development of varicose veins.

In addition, the venous expansion of the veins in the legs begins to progress. The veins increase in size, swell and acquire a sickly bluish hue. Often, they become inflamed and explode, causing great discomfort, pain and burning. A common location for the location of vascular formations is in the popliteal fossa and in areas adjacent to it.

In addition to the lower limbs, other areas of the body are susceptible to the disease:

  • different parts of the hands;
  • veins of the small pelvis;
  • groin and genitals

Often, during VRW, women are ashamed to wear dresses and skirts, they are forced to give preference to the style of men's clothing.

Interesting fact!The term "varicose veins" comes from Latin. The word varix is translated as "knot". The disease is accompanied by the characteristic formation of vascular nodules.

What causes varicose veins: causes

Many are familiar with the expression: movement is life. This is the case with venous diseases. What causes varicose veins in the legs? Sedentary lifestyle is the first reason for its occurrence. . . . The lack of adequate activity negatively affects the state of the blood vessels.Blood circulation deteriorates, blood stagnates and the first vascular spider web appears.

In the case of constant stress on the legs, the risk of developing the disease also increases. Standing for a long time puts excessive pressure on the lower limbs, the blood stagnates in them.

A sedentary lifestyle is no less harmful- contributes to the weakening of blood vessels and, as a result, the manifestation of symptoms of varicose veins. The causes of varicose veins in the lower extremities are individual.

Among the most common are:

  • hereditary predisposition;
  • chronic stress and sedentary work;
  • alcohol abuse, unhealthy diet and being overweight;
  • daily use of tight clothes and high-heeled shoes;
  • taking hormonal contraceptives;
  • changes in the female body during menopause or during pregnancy.

The reason for the appearance of vascular pathology in men can be intense physical activity, excessive sports, excessive visits to saunas and baths.


There are many signs of VRV development.The first thing you need to pay attention to is the appearance of leg pain.This is the first wake-up call. The diagnosis of "varicose veins" is confirmed in the presence of the following manifestations:

  • sensations of pulsating pain in the locations of the vessels;
  • burning sensations in the leg muscles and frequent night cramps;
  • pain when walking;
  • feeling of tiredness while standing;
  • "Tinnitus" in the legs at the end of the day

Traditional healers add psychological reasons to the traditional causes of the disease. In his opinion, a person's internal state greatly influences the development or containment of the disease.

Varicose veins on the legs develop imperceptibly.The first injuries appear more frequently in the posterior region of the knee joint.(in the popliteal fossa) and in the adjacent areas of the legs. Vascular networks and edema are often overlooked. It is these insignificant manifestations that become the initial signs of a violation of the vascular circulation.

In case of non-compliance with the treatment, it is possible to develop trophic ulcers, thrombophlebitis, bleeding from varicose veins, muscle deformation and irreversible changes in the skin. The most dangerous consequences are considered to be the risk of developing gangrene or separation of a blood clot, which naturally leads to death.

It is important to know!The advanced stage of VRV is often not subject to treatment with drugs and folk remedies, therefore, it requires mandatory surgical intervention.

How do varicose veins develop?

The disease is rapid in nature, develops and progresses very quickly. Varicose veins on the foot become the beginning of a "full" varicose vein.Venous insufficiency is systemic, its characteristic manifestations are observed in various parts of the body, they can coexist with hemorrhoids and other signs of the disease.

The following international classification is called CEAP (Clinical Etiology Anatomy Pathology).

Phlebologists distinguish 6 stages of VRV:

First stepit represents the initial stage of the development of the disease, during which there is an increase in fatigue, weight and swelling of the lower extremities at the end of the day, the development of a weakly expressed vascular network. Sometimes, even at this stage, cramps in the calves are felt.

Spider veins in the early stage of varicose veins

The capillaries (small vessels) expand first, then the problem is no longer cosmetic and the period itself can last more than a year.

Second stagecontributes to the occurrence of tangible discomfort. The dilated veins in the legs and the vascular networks are very clearly visible, and the swelling and painful sensations become more and more intense. Venous valves lose the ability to perform their function. The second stage of disease development requires qualified medical care.

Third stagecharacterized by the constant presence of pain, intense swelling and cramps in the lower extremities. The veins in the legs are dilated and the edema makes it impossible to use shoes with the same comfort. These symptoms appear as a result of intense physical activity or vice versa, after a long period of difficult mobility.

Stage fouris diagnosed if the skin's metabolism is altered. With it, the skin is covered with brownish-brown spots, located mainly in the ankle region. The pigmentation area of the skin becomes more dense, afterwards, trophic ulcers form on it. With the threat of blood clots, the patient is shownimmediate surgical intervention.

The description of the first four steps helps to obtain a complete picture of the development of the RPV.

Fifth stageit is determined by the presence of keloid scars that appeared after a course of treatment of trophic ulcers. Often, the wound reopens in the same place.

Sixth stageit implies just that (open ulcer). In this case, there is a need for an urgent operation, skin grafting is often done.


Having information about what varicose veins are and how to treat them, you can confidently resist the insidious enemy. If you contact a medical institution in a timely manner, a qualified specialist will assist you in resolving the problem. The treatment approach is always individual.

In the initial stage, one can live with a change in lifestyle, which has led to the development of the disease. With pronounced signs of venous insufficiency, complex therapy is necessary with the appointment of systemic drugs, local agents and physical therapy.

The use of traditional medicine prescriptions can also have many benefits, but requires the mandatory approval of the attending physician.