Varicose veins are a serious disease that significantly impairs quality of life and, without timely treatment, makes it simply unbearable.
That is why it is important for everyone who has encountered this problem to know the causes of varicose veins, their manifestations and, most importantly, to study the best methods of treating this disease.
Varicose veins are a chronic vascular disease that develops as a result of blood stagnation (usually in the lower extremities). This is due to the failure of the vascular valves, which normally pass the blood exclusively upwards, from the lower extremities to the heart. Stagnant blood presses on the walls of blood vessels, and as a result they become thinner, lose elasticity and deform, expanding significantly. On the legs of this patient, with the naked eye, one can observe "snakes" twitching from blood vessels that rise above the skin and, in some places, form varicose "nodules".
Causes of varicose veins
There are a few reasons for the development of this disease. In particular, varicose veins can lead to:
- "Bad" heredity. Varicose veins are found by people with congenital weakness of the valve apparatus or venous walls.
- Increased venous pressure. Often, the factors that increase blood pressure lead to this disease, namely, pregnancy, obesity, constant vertical loads (when a person stands for a day), a sedentary lifestyle (sedentary work).
- Taking hormonal drugs. Certain hormonal medications, such as the high estrogen contraceptive pill, cause blood clots and can cause varicose veins.
- Disturbance of blood circulation. These interruptions can appear due to lack of physical activity, smoking, wearing shoes that are too tight or chronic constipation.
- Hormonal disorders associated with age-related changes in the body.
Disease manifestations and complications
Doctors note that varicose veins are not so terrible in themselves, as their complications are dangerous. In fact, in the early stages of the development of the disease, the expansion of the saphenous veins is an aesthetic problem for a person (from which women especially suffer). First, the vascular networks appear on the skin - the so-called "cobwebs". At the same time, the person begins to feel heaviness in the legs, notices swelling in the limbs and pain when walking. These are important symptoms of varicose veins, which should never be ignored. If a person is in no hurry to see a doctor and find out the cause of the disease, they are at risk of varicose veins and find a problem that cannot be solved without surgery.
With the development of varicose veins, the skin on the lower leg becomes more dense and bluish. The patient's calves start to "hurt" even with a short walk, and under the skin you can see the swollen veins. In addition, over time, these veins become very painful.
But this is only the beginning of serious health problems. If a person does not start fighting the existing disease, irreversible changes begin to occur in the skin around the affected veins, as a result of the development of lipodermatosclerosis and trophic ulcers subsequently appear. In addition, without treatment, the internal walls of the veins become inflamed and cause blood clots. That's how thrombophlebitis develops. Increasing in size, blood clots block the lumen of the vein and at any time the clot can come off. And this condition is fraught with death.
Thus, it is quite clear that varicose veins need to be treated. And you need to start therapy as soon as possible. Next, we will consider the treatment methods for this serious illness.
In complex therapy of varicose veins, medications are necessarily used. Most of them are capsules or pills, which have a versatile effect on the body. In particular:
- Phlebotonic.These drugs increase blood flow, preventing the development of thrombosis, and at the same time increase the tone of the vascular walls. It will not be possible to eliminate varicose veins with these drugs, but they are quite capable of relieving swelling in the legs, eliminating the burning sensation and pain. In the case of varicose veins, the drugs in this group, as a rule, are taken 2 tablets per day, the duration of treatment being determined exclusively by the doctor.
- Drugs to thin the blood.These drugs make the blood thinner and promote better blood circulation, preventing the development of thrombosis. These drugs are prescribed only individually and the time of application is defined by the doctor.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs.This includes pills, ointments and gels that relieve pain, swelling and prevent platelets from sticking together. Most importantly, these drugs prevent inflammation of the veins that leads to thrombophlebitis.
Varicose veins stockings and tights
The fair sex faces varicose veins much more often than men. This is due in large part to the hormonal changes that occur in the female body (menopause, pregnancy). That is why the best way to prevent varicose veins is to use special tight stockings or tights. This compression underwear compresses the legs and prevents varicose veins, which means that it is an excellent prevention of varicose veins. And in the case of an already developed disease, this underwear protects your legs from pain, swelling and tiredness.
The treatment of varicose veins with water has been known since time immemorial. At different temperatures, the veins narrow and expand, which helps to increase their elasticity. Knowing this, modern doctors use hydrotherapy in the early stages of the development of varicose veins, when vascular networks have just begun to appear on the skin. In addition, depending on the existing problem, the baths can be local (only for the feet), or general (for the whole body). The water temperature in such a bath ranges from 20 to 40 ° C.
In the complex treatment of varicose veins, non-traditional methods can also be used. Here are some examples.
The affected veins should be lubricated with freshly squeezed potato juice in the morning, afternoon and evening, and dressings with a dressing soaked in that juice should be applied at night. In addition, 100 ml of potato juice should be consumed 3 r / day. Varicose veins should be treated with this remedy for 3-4 months.
It is called "medicine number 1" for varicose veins, and all because apple cider vinegar improves blood circulation, strengthens vascular walls and improves skin tone. It is very simple to use: 2-3 r / day you need to lubricate the skin in the area of the affected veins with vinegar. And in parallel, you should drink a glass of water in which 1 teaspoon has been diluted. vinegar. The duration of therapy is 2 months.
This is another effective remedy for dealing with varicose veins. Fill a half-liter bottle with halved Kalanchoe leaves and fill the raw material with 40% alcohol to fill the bottle. After letting the product rest in a dark place for a week, strain and use the tincture to rub the affected areas 2 r / day. The treatment should be complemented with a light massage of the swollen veins. This treatment lasts 4 months.
Baths with white willow bark will be of great help in combating the disease in question. To do this, it is necessary to grind the peel, after which 2 tablespoons. I. Pour these raw materials with 400 ml of water and boil over low heat for 15 minutes. Place the finished product in buckets of water, where then lower your feet and hold for 30 minutes. And, immediately after the procedure, put on the compression stocking and let your legs rest. The procedures must be performed on alternate days for 3 months. By the way, to increase the effect, a willow bark decoction can be diluted with an oak bark decoction.
All of these methods are excellent ways to prevent this disease and provide good help in treating varicose veins at an early stage of the disease. However, practice shows that in 80% of cases, people with affected veins seek out doctors with an advanced disease. In such a situation, neither compression underwear, nor creams and ointments, nor folk remedies are capable of affecting the development of the disease. Drastic measures are needed. Fortunately, modern medicine is ready to offer effective methods to solve this complex problem.
This is a non-surgical method for dealing with varicose veins, in which the doctor, using a fine needle, injects a special substance into the affected vein - a sclerosing agent. This substance sticks to the vein from the inside and, as a result, dissolves and blood flow begins to flow through healthy veins. The number of sclerosing administration sessions may vary depending on the severity of the injury. And throughout the treatment, the patient must wear compression underwear.
As a result of this therapy, the person almost always forgets about the irritating varicose veins. Relapses appear in only 25% of cases and are usually associated with an advanced disease. It is true that it must be understood that sclerotherapy is not performed for pregnant women and obese people.
This is one of the modern medical advances that makes it possible to eliminate varicose veins without surgery. The radiation generated by the laser "welds" the affected vein from the inside, thus closing its lumen and interrupting the path of blood flow, which begins to travel through deeper veins. Over time, the connective tissue is formed from the glued vessel, which subsequently dissolves.
This method of solving the problem is more effective than sclerotherapy. It is not very traumatic, the operation does not take more than 40 minutes and the patient can leave the clinic literally 2 hours after the operation. It is no coincidence that the treatment of varicose veins with laser is called "office surgery". In that case, the skin incisions should be made only when the large veins are eliminated, while the small varicose veins are eliminated without damaging the tissues. Just remember that the cost of this operation is quite high.
Radio frequency removal
More recently, in our country, they started to practice the most modern method of eliminating the affected veins, which is called radiofrequency ablation. It is used to treat the main large veins affected by varicose veins. In this case, a radiofrequency catheter is inserted by puncture into the skin in the affected vein, which, by means of a microwave, "infuses" the vein from the inside. In addition, the catheter has sensors that allow the effectiveness of the procedure to be monitored.
This method can compete with laser treatment, as it also does not require skin incisions, does not leave bruises and is performed in just 30 minutes. On the day of the operation, the patient can return to his duties. However, the cost of this procedure is high, even compared to laser coagulation.
It is important to understand that in the case of eczema, thrombophlebitis, as well as trophic ulcers, treatment with the above methods is not carried out. It is possible to eliminate neglected varicose veins just by surgically removing the veins in conjunction with sclerotherapy. However, not everything is so critical here. In the arsenal of modern surgeons, there are low trauma microsurgical methods that allow the removal of a diseased vein through a small incision, and there will simply be no scarring after the procedure. In addition, new technologies make it possible to remove painful veins in just 30-40 minutes.
There is no need to be afraid of varicose veins. On the contrary, the disease requires a lot of attention to itself, and the sooner the better. Timely identification and a properly selected treatment method will allow you to eliminate the disease smoothly and live a full life.
Good health to you!