For many women, the appearance of a venous mesh on the legs is primarily an aesthetic problem. But, this is a sign of the development of a serious illness, in the absence of treatment which poses a serious threat to health and life. Therefore, in the manifestation of the smallest signs of varicose veins in the woman's legs, it is necessary to start treatment of the disease immediately. It is possible to get rid of the pathology in the initial stage with the help of conservative methods of therapy, while the advanced stages of the disease require mandatory surgical intervention.
What is the danger of varicose veins in the legs in women
The varicose veins in the lower extremities are threatened with numerous negative consequences. First, the volume of blood in the veins increases, which leads to its stagnation. The intensity of the arterial blood supply is significantly reduced. As a result, the body's tissues begin to suffer from a lack of oxygen. Nutrient deficiency can lead to the development of hypoxia and degeneration.
Serious complications of varicose veins in the legs include the development of:
- Phlebitis.The disease is characterized by the development of inflammation in the vessel wall from the inside. It is accompanied by severe pain and discoloration of the skin. Inflammation can affect several veins at the same time, which significantly impairs health. If left untreated, it is highly likely that thrombophlebitis will develop.
- Thrombosis.The insidious character of this form of complication lies in the difficult identification of this pathology. This is explained by the appearance of a blood clot, mainly in the deep veins of the lower extremities. This pathology leads to dysfunction of the organs of the cardiovascular system, as well as violations of the rheological properties of the blood. Blood clots can completely block the lumen of the vessel, which can lead to serious consequences and even death.
- Thrombophlebitis.It can affect the deep and internal veins. Most of the time, the pathology develops in the lower extremities. Stagnation of blood in the veins leads to the formation of clots and the development of inflammation of the venous walls. The danger of a blood clot coming off the walls of blood vessels is the possibility of it penetrating the heart, pulmonary artery or even the brain. The result of such a thrombus wandering the body is definitely the death of a person.
- Trophic ulcers.Formed as a result of insufficient blood supply to the skin in the affected vein area. In the early stage of the development of pathology, the skin simply changes color. But with progression, ulcers form in these areas, characterized by a long healing process. In this condition, the superficial veins "grow together" with each other, which increases the likelihood of bleeding, even with minor damage to the skin.
The long-term progression of varicose veins and the development of an advanced stage of the disease threatens the patient's disability and disability.
Most patients do not understand the dangers of varicose veins in the legs. However, the development of such a pathology in the absence of its treatment contributes to the development of irreparable consequences and can even lead the patient to disability. In medical practice, there are cases where the consequences of the disease end in death.
Where to start treatment
Venous insufficiency is characterized by slow development and prolonged course. Dysfunction of blood circulation in the saphenous veins can occur over several years. During this time, vascular tone gradually decreases, which leads to the development of irreversible consequences.
Over time, chronic varicose veins appear, which are accompanied by constant stagnation of blood in the altered veins. This condition leads to the appearance of chronic inflammation and swelling of the soft tissues of the legs.
Dangerous to health are not only the varicose veins, but also the venous thrombosis that appears in its context. It is accompanied by intense pain, the limb turns bluish, the affected vein turns into a swollen, dense and reddish cord. Over time, a neglected form of pathology forms, which poses a dangerous threat to human life.
Therefore, the treatment of varicose veins in the legs should start with the manifestation of weight in the legs, rapid fatigue and swelling of the lower extremities. Paresthesia, burning sensation in muscle tissue, night cramps and restless legs syndrome are also precursors of this pathology.
You should not wait for the visual symptoms of varicose veins in women. The manifestation of discomfort in the lower extremities indicates the need for consultation with a phlebologist.
In the medical consultation, a visual examination of the legs will be carried out and the health of the veins will be evaluated. Sometimes, the patient's complaints and a thorough examination are sufficient to establish a diagnosis. But, as a more thorough examination, instrumental diagnoses can be assigned.
- Duplex ultrasound. A unique technique that allows you to see a detailed clinical picture of the condition of the superficial and deep veins in 20 minutes.
- Phlebography by computed tomography. It is carried out by introducing a contrast agent into the venous cavity. This diagnosis helps to differentiate the diagnosis from the probable thrombosis.
- Magnetic resonance venography (MRV) is a type of magnetic resonance image. It allows you to assess the condition of the vessels through which blood returns to the heart.
- Segmental Doppler ultrasonography. The simplest diagnostic method for determining the health of the lower extremity arteries.
The performance of a special blood test complex will determine the tendency for thrombus formation to increase.
Based on the results of the diagnosis, the doctor determines treatment tactics and, if necessary, prescribes a minimally invasive operation.
The treatment of venous insufficiency begins with the realization that the pathology has affected us. The next step is to visit a doctor in a timely manner and undergo a thorough examination of the lower extremities.
How to treat varicose veins in the legs
After a woman is diagnosed with varicose veins in her legs, all medical recommendations must be followed strictly to eliminate the disease. Regardless of the stage of its development, pathological therapy must be carried out comprehensively.
The main methods of treating varicose veins in the legs include:
- Surgical therapy.It takes place in exceptional cases, when conservative treatment does not work, or in an advanced pathological state. There are two types of intervention:
- Classical phlebectomy - removal of the affected vein.
- Miniflebectomy - based on the removal of small nodules in the veins.
- Phlebosclerizing therapy.Little traumatic method in which the damaged vein is sealed with the help of certain manipulations. The minimally invasive treatment of varicose veins is carried out by the following types:
- Sclerotherapy. It consists of administering a special adhesive preparation to the affected vessel.
- Laser coagulation. Removal of the vascular network in the legs is performed by exposing it to laser beams.
- Radio frequency removal. The introduction of a disposable catheter stimulates the contraction of dilated vessels.
- Drug treatmentperformed by taking medications from various pharmacological groups for external and internal use. The selection of drugs is carried out taking into account the clinical condition of the disease and the general state of health of the woman.
- Wearing compression clothes.Recommended after surgical treatment and in complex therapy of pathology. The appropriate compression class should be selected at different stages of treatment.
As an adjunct therapy, doctors recommend the use of traditional medicine methods. In addition, an important point in the treatment of varicose veins in women is the normalization of lifestyle and the maintenance of a healthy diet.
How to treat leg veins with varicose veins of varying degrees
Many people postpone visiting a phlebologist because they are afraid of surgical treatment of varicose veins. However, varicose vein therapy is performed by several methods and depends on the stage of development of the disease.
- The smoothest and quickest treatment is carried out in the initial stage of varicose veins in the legs. The therapeutic complex at this stage includes:
- Systematic performance of corrective gymnastics.
- Passing a massage course.
- The use of local medicines to relieve the symptoms of the disease.
- Possible indication of taking venotonics for disease prevention.
- Carrying out medical procedures, such as sclerotherapy or ozone therapy.
To consolidate the therapeutic effect obtained in the initial stage of development of varicose veins, patients are recommended, after treatment, to use special compressive briefs.
- Traditional. It includes taking medications with systemic and local action. Also a prerequisite at this stage is the use of a medical shirt.
- Operational. The surgical intervention method is selected taking into account the clinical condition of the disease and the patient's general health. In the case of valve dysfunction, sclerotherapy is performed with the introduction of ferric chloride. The action of the laser in the veins is also possible, which leads to its sealing.
- The third stage of the disease's development is the most difficult and requires a mandatory operation on the damaged veins. At this stage of the development of the pathology, the saphenous veins affected by the varicose veins are excised. Phlebectomy allows you to perform an operation with minimal damage, but at the same time effectively cure grade 3 varicose veins. Also at this stage it is mandatory to take medication and use medical meshes of 3-4 classes of compression.
Venous insufficiency belongs to the category of pathologies that can be treated with a timely visit to the doctor. At the same time, modern medicine has developed painless techniques to remove the affected veins. But this treatment of varicose veins will require a longer recovery. Therefore, experts recommend treating the disease in the first stage of its development.